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This documentation is for version v1.2.2 of nng, but the latest released version is v1.2.5. see the documentation for v1.2.5 for the most up-to-date information.
nngcat(1)

SYNOPSIS

nngcat --help

nngcat --version

nngcat [OPTION]…​

DESCRIPTION

The nngcat utility provides command line access to the Scalability Protocols, making it possible to write shell scripts that interact with other peers in a Scalability Protocols topology, by both sending and receiving messages.

OPTIONS

The possible values for OPTION are described below.

The nngcat utility accepts shortened versions of these options, as long as the supplied option is unambiguous. For example --comp can be used in lieu of --compat, but --re may not be used for anything because it could mean any of --req, --rep, or --respondent.

When using the long form of an option (names prefixed with with --), if the option takes a value then the value may be supplied by appending the option with an equals sign and the value (e.g. --subscribe=times), by appending the option with a colon and the value (e.g. --subscribe:tribune) or by providing the data as the next program argument (e.g. --subscribe herald).

When using short form options (a single letter prefixed with a -), if the option takes a value it may either be immediately appended to the value (e.g. -L5678) or provided as the next program argument (e.g. -L 5678).

POSIX style option clustering of single letter options is not supported; each option must be presented as a separate argument to the program.

Generic Options

-h, --help

Get usage help.

-V, --version

Print the version and exit.

-v, --verbose

Select verbose operation.

-q, --silent

Select silent operation.

--compat

Compatible mode. This cause nngcat to behave more like the legacy nanocat application. In this mode connections are made asynchronously, and the --pair option selects version 0 of the pair protocol instead of version 1.

--subscribe=TOPIC

Subscribe to TOPIC. This option can only be used with the sub protocol. The TOPIC is checked against the first bytes of messages received, and messages are discarded if they do not match. This may be specified multiple times to subscribe to multiple topics. If not specified at all, then a default subscription to everything is assumed.

--count==COUNT

Limit the number of iterations when looping to COUNT iterations. For protocols that only send, this will only send COUNT messages before exiting. For protocols that only receive, this will only receive COUNT messages before exiting. For protocols that involve a full exchange, this will only perform COUNT exchanges (each exchange is characterized by at most a single send, and one or more receives.) If COUNT is zero, then an infinite number of iterations is performed.

Protocol Selection Options

At least one protocol must be selected.
--bus, --bus0

Select the bus version 0 protocol. This protocol can send and receive messages to and from other bus version 0 peers.

--req, --req0

Select the req version 0 protocol. This protocol sends messages to rep version 0 peers and receives replies from them.

--rep, --rep0

Select the rep version 0 protocol. This protocol receives messages from req version 0 peers and can send replies to them.

--pub, --pub0

Select the pub version 0 protocol. This protocol sends messages to sub version peers.

--sub, --sub0

Select the sub version 0 protocol. This protocol receives messages from pub version 0 peers, and filters them based on subscriptions set with --subscribe.

--push, --push0

Select the push version 0 protocol. This protocol sends messages to pull version 0 peers. A given message is normally only delivered to a single peer.

--pull, --pull0

Select the pull version 0 protocol. This protocol receives messages from push version 0 peers.

--pair0

Select the pair version 0 protocol. This protocol can send and receive messages with one connected pair version 0 peer.

--pair1

Select the pair version 1 protocol. This protocol can send and receive messages with one connected pair version 1 peer. It is not supported in --compat mode. (Polyamorous mode is not supported in nngcat, although peers may be using polyamorous mode.)

--pair

Acts as an alias for --pair1, unless --compat mode is selected, in which case it acts as an alias for --pair0.

--surveyor, --surveyor0

Select the surveyor version 0 protocol. This protocol sends a survey request to respondent version 0 peers, and then receives replies from them.

--respondent, --respondent0

Select the respondent version 0 protocol. This protocol receives survey requests from surveyor version 0 peers, and can send a reply to them.

Peer Selection Options

At least one peer address must be selected.
While legacy nanocat only supported one peer, nng can support more than one peer on a given connection.
--connect, --dial=URL

Connect to the peer at the address specified by URL.

--bind, --listen=URL

Bind to, and accept connections from peers, at the address specified by URL.

-x, --connect-ipc=PATH

Connect to the IPC path specified by PATH. This is the same as --connect=ipc://PATH.

-X, --bind-ipc=PATH

Bind to the IPC path specified by PATH. This is the same as --bind=ipc://PATH.

-l, --connect-local=PORT

Connect to localhost at the TCP port specified by PORT. This is the same as --connect=tcp://127.0.0.1:PORT.

-L, --bind-local=PORT

Bind to the TCP port specified by PORT. This is the same as --bind=tcp://127.0.0.1:PORT.

Receive Options

Data messages received can be formatted in different ways. These options can only be specified when using a protocol that receives messages.

-A, --ascii

The same as specifying --format=ascii.

-Q, --quoted

The same as specifying --format=quoted.

--hex

The same as specifying --format=hex.

--msgpack

The same as specifying --format=msgpack.

--raw

The same as specifying --format=raw.

--receive-timeout=SEC

Give up receiving messages after SEC seconds pass without any received messages.

--recv-maxsz=COUNT

Set the maximum message size socket will accept to COUNT bytes. Messages larger than this will be discarded. The default is 1048576 (1 MB). To eliminate any restriction, use 0.

--format=FORMAT

Format data as indicated. The FORMAT can be any of:

no

No output at all.

raw

Raw output, every byte received is sent to standard output.

ascii

ASCII safe, printable ASCII is emitted verbatim, with other bytes substituted with . (period).

quoted

Messages are printed as quoted strings, using C language conventions.

hex

Messages are printed as quoted strings, with every byte appearing as an escaped hexadecimal value, such as \x2E.

msgpack

Messages are emitted as MessagePack "bin format" (byte arrays).

Transmit Options

Protocols that support sending data can use these options to select the data.

-D, --data=DATA

Use DATA for the body of outgoing messages.

-F, --file=FILE

Use FILE for the body of outgoing messages.

-i, --interval=SEC

For protocols that send unsolicited data (as opposed to those that send data only in response to received messages), this will resend the outgoing message at repeating intervals of SEC seconds.

-d, --delay=SEC

Wait SEC seconds before sending the first outgoing message. This is useful to let connections establish before sending data, thereby avoiding message loss.

--send-timeout=SEC

Give up trying to send a message after SEC seconds.

TLS Options

These options are only present if TLS is configured; they are ignored when using addresses that are not secured with TLS.

-k, --insecure

Skip peer validation.

-E, --cert=FILE

Load own certificate from FILE.

--key=FILE

Load own key from FILE. Should be used in conjunction with --cert. If not specified, and --cert is specified, then a single file containing both the private key and the associated certificate is assumed.

--cacert=FILE

Load CA certificates from FILE. These CAs ("Certificate Authorities") are used as trust roots when validating certificates presented by peers.

ZeroTier Options

These options are only present if ZeroTier is configured; they are ignored otherwise.

--zt-home=DIRECTORY

Directory for persistent ZeroTier node (key material, etc.) This directory must already exist. Only one program may use a ZeroTier node at a time; file locking is used to prevent this.

EXAMPLES

Echo service using request/reply.
$ addr="tcp://127.0.0.1:4567"
$ nngcat --rep --listen=${addr} --data="42" --quoted &
$ nngcat --req --dial=${addr} --data="what is the answer?" --quoted
"what is the answer?"
"42"
Send a chime every hour (3600 seconds).
$ addr=ipc:///grandpa_clock
$ nngcat --pub --listen=${addr} --data "cuckoo" --interval 3600 &
$ nngcat --sub --dial=${addr} --quoted &
"cuckoo"
NNG Reference Manual vv1.2.2 © 2019 Staysail Systems, Inc, © 2018 Capitar IT Group BV
This document is supplied under the MIT License.
nanomsg™ and nng™ are trademarks of Garrett D'Amore.