This documentation is for version v1.3.0 of NNG, but the latest released version is v1.8.0. see the documentation for v1.8.0 for the most up-to-date information.


#include <nanomsg/nn.h>

#define NN_POLLIN  1
#define NN_POLLOUT 2

struct nn_pollfd {
int      fd;
uint16_t events;
uint16_t revents;

int nn_poll(struct nn_pollfd *pfds, int npfd, int timeout);


The nn_poll() function polls a group of sockets for readiness to send or receive.

This function is provided for API compatibility with legacy libnanomsg. Consider using the relevant modern API instead.

The array of nfds sockets to poll for are passed into pfds. Each member of this array is initialized with the fd field set to the socket, and the events field set to a mask that can contain either or both of the flags NN_POLLIN and NN_POLLOUT.

The flag NN_POLLIN indicates that a socket is ready for receiving without blocking (a message is available on the socket), and the flag NN_POLLOUT indicates that a socket is ready for sending without blocking.

Upon success, the function returns the number of updates the revents field of each member of the pfds array, setting it to indicate whether the requested status is true or not.

The revents field will only have a flag set if the corresponding flag was also set in the events field.

If the timeout field is positive, then this function will wait for up the that many milliseconds. If none of the requested events occurs before that timeout occurs, then the function will return -1 and set the error to ETIMEDOUT.

If the timeout is zero, then this function will return immediately, after updating the current status of the sockets.

If the timeout is -1, then the function waits forever, or until one of the requested events occurs.

This function is only suitable for use with sockets obtained with the nn_socket() function, and is not compatible with file descriptors obtained via any other means. This includes file descriptors obtained using the NN_SNDFD or NN_RCVFD options with nn_getsockopt()
This function is significantly less efficient than other polling or asynchronous I/O mechanisms, and is provided for API compatibility only. It’s use is discouraged.
This function is not supported on systems other than POSIX derived platforms and Windows.


This function returns the number of sockets with events on success, or -1 on error.



Insufficient memory available.


One of the sockets is not open.


Operation timed out.


This function is not supported on this platform.